Month: March 2014

What Factors lead to Narcissism? (Working Title)

The Factors of Narcissism

Are we born initially self-centered?

Throughout my school years, kids play and tell jokes. They leave the kids who are boring, or more accurately those who threaten their self-esteem in the corners and just hang out with “cool” kids. They are excited to be selected as candidates for Prom late March and nothing else matters. Popularity seems to be a staple for this terminology.

What is Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)? Narcissism is the definition of individuals who are self-centered. The traits of domineering, arrogant and egotistical are closely associated with NPD.

What are some factors I’ve found out contributing to the occurrence of NPD?

Impact from Parents

This article is one of the less focused studies on narcissistic traits across cultures particularly across the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates. But universally, they’ve stated, “Parenting practices have been proposed as one of the main proximate factors in the development of narcissistic predispositions.” During tests, experiments have determined higher scores on Entitlement/Exploitativeness are correlated to culture and low paternal care.

For supporting details, Dr. Gray of Boston College stated, “Some of the speculation has centered on the misguided “self-esteem” movement that began to take shape in the 1980s. Parents, teachers, and others involved with children were advised to build up children’s self-esteem through frequent praise. Many parents, especially, began telling their children how beautiful, smart, and generally wonderful they are, or began bragging about their kids to others in front of them.” Adults are only giving their children a narrow minded pathway.

Another aspect is when parents push their kids to be highly competitive, motivated by self needs, “…the increased pressure on children and adolescents to achieve…defined as beating others in competitions…getting the best grades in school, getting into the best college, winning individual sporting competitions…the focus of thought is on the self and others are seen as…people you must defeat, or as people you must manipulate to serve your ends.” Dr. Gray concluded in this issue that empathy, in the end, doesn’t show up on a resume.

Perhaps the most damaging hindrance parents can do to their children is limit contact with other kids. Fellow classmate, Dreanna’s post about friendship follows similar ideas here about developing healthy relationships. The concept here is “free play,” where children interact with other children by handling conflicts and dealing with negative emotions. It is a time period where “children overcome narcissism and build up their capacity for empathy.” (Dr. Gray, Boston College)

The Media and its Emphasis on…”Likes!”

In one journal, a teacher shares a story on how the speaker asks the audience if any had over 1000 friends. The teacher observed one individual wildly waving both her hands up in the air. Courtney Crappell talks about the media and poses the question, “Are Our Students Self-Absorbed or Just Afraid?” He points up whether students are really self-centered or just afraid. Teachers are students’ best influence requiring passing through cultural norms and showing to the students a balance of self.

Regarding the digital world, Courtney states,“…Many media vehicles facilitate and contribute to this trend…including prevalent attitudes displayed by reality TV contestants, the popularity of plastic surgery for young people, self-promoting song lyrics…”

I agree, it is a disturbing trend. Some shows like Toddlers and Tiaras and magazines in stores attempting to portray celebrities’ lives can cause some unrealistic visions within other individuals. I see that the Media has easy access to the rest of the world and its influence should not be ignored.

Culture Aspects in Play

This research entry mainly investigated friendship quality based on gender traits of narcissism. However, discussion was fixed on Chinese cultural context which is where cultural differences either favors NPD or not. Research stated, “People in individualistic cultures are more narcissistic than those in collectivistic cultures…China is a typical collectivistic country” that “downplay[s] on the significance of the self.” In comparison, the cultural discussion concludes that “Western cultures may perceive themselves as attractive, intelligent, extroverted, and successful…” As for China, “…The quality of one’s social relationships is a strong determinant of one’s self-worth and well-being.”


Environments are the crucial factors in determining whether a child will act narcissistic. Parental care is essential if the child is to develop a happy social connection, though cultural values can be just as benefitical depending on execution. The Media, however, stands a force to be reckoned with as it can reach everyone around the globe.

Comment down below and let me know what you think!


Melanie Yazzie: Geographies of Memory

A couple of weeks ago, we have taken a visit to the Art Museum near Pope Joy of the University of New Mexico. I got my mind ready that day with a hearty breakfast and some chocolate, ready to absorb any information as we inspect artworks of varying significant degrees inside. I didn’t want to miss any pictures from artists of different time period.

That day in English, we head off from the classroom and off to the Art Museum. Some walked in a brisk pace, some not in a hurry and some were already there. For me, I was eager to explore the messages artists have put into a code. A painting is a painting, but minds can pick up codes left behind the author. When inspecting the codes deeply on a microscopic scale our minds can visualize, traces of data convey the author’s experience from everything including factual information, history, events, etc. It isn’t always obvious, but the code has crucial data to deliver.

My mother is also an artist who has been in expeditions in California and Vietnam. One art I can share from her is one piece about urban growth. Around the perimeter, there are tall buildings. In the middle, there are rural, single story structures surrounded by the “perimeter” of more, modern structures. As mother put the time to create this image of hers, she stated that humans should never forget their footsteps with progress. The rural houses in the center represented part of our history with architecture with the modern, tall buildings in our post-modern time period. It is keeping track of the passage of time.

Artists’ intention didn’t seem any different than from my mother. As we stepped foot into the museum, we were greeted by a lady who took us inside the place where all the visual collections lie. At first, I thought the class will go around finding which piece speaks to us. Instead, we sat down in front of four pieces arranged on the wall in a rectangle being given clipboards to write on a paper with the questions, “What I see, what I think and what I wonder.”

The four pieces we gaze upon belong to Melanie Yazzie. The artist librarian told us to sketch anything from what we see from the paintings.

Here is a photo of some of the elements I’ve sketched from the artist:


A brief description of those four paintings:

-Deer, centipede on its back with a winter landscape. There was a figure inside a woman’s body.

-Rainbows with arms sticking out. A giraffe and a goat can be seen. Spirals are craved.

-Spring season hails with a dragonfly in the background.

-A whole land with mountains and a warm season.

In a group with the lady who toured us, we looked and discuss some of the elements. Some elements included spirals, goat, human-like figures and, most importantly, geographical features.

As I inspected the “code” Melanie is leaving in these paintings, I can see a pattern of traveling across lands and seeing many organic objects coming together. She has pieced together human cultures and, more attentively, to the physical environments of the Earth. The history I can see here echoes back from her Navajo culture. As I wrote in my “What I think” column, I inferred that because of these physical, geographic themes, she must have traveled the world incorporating environmental features, symbols such as the spiral, and that time is vast.

As I interpreted my own thoughts, the passage of time never changes from centuries back to the modern time. We still have agriculture, nature and the vivid view of the Earth. I, myself, am adventurous and can travel the lands and probably piece together a pattern of these “referents” the artist has brought us. We celebrate these objects we pass by and keep them in our memory. It is but a taste of Indian artwork.

We eventually left the art history museum for our next class, much to our busy schedule in today’s world. But as stated earlier, time is vast. As we continue to move, we must inspect our surroundings. Soon, it will change, perhaps a car to flying car or floating cameras. We make progress, but we shouldn’t forget our early roots of success and how we worked from the ground up. Humans will continue to evolve, but there still is the pattern of memory through the land.